Angola: Today Is ‘Processo Dos 50’ Court Case Day
Luanda – Angola is celebrating on Monday (March 29) the 57th anniversary of the “Processo dos 50”, a trial case that involved nationalists charged with plotting against the Portuguese rulers.
Arrests of Angolan nationalists by the colonial rulers started on 29 March 1959 and ended on 24 August the same year, and trial began in 1961.
The first lawsuit involving ELA (Angola Liberation Army) elements reached the Territorial Military Court of Angola on 24 September 1959. The case involved a number of Angolan nationalists then living overseas, mostly in the then Belgium Congo.
Names such as those of Jose Manuel Lisboa, Lucrecio da Silva Mangueira, Agostinho Mendes de Carvalho, Andre Mingas, Belarmino Van-DA�nem, Jose Diogo Ventura and Noe SaA�de, were on the list of those being tried.
The second lawsuit brought by the Portuguese International Police of State Defence (PIDE), involved elements linked to the Angola Liberation Movement (MIA), and was filed on 13 October 1959.
The case involved such people as Ilidio Machado, Higino Aires, Andre Franco de Sousa, Carlos Alberto Van-DA�nem, Luis Rafael, Antonio Marques Monteiro, Miguel Fernandes, Amadeu Amorim, Gabriel LeitAPound o and Liceu Vieira Dias.
The third case that included Mario Guerra, Helder Neto, Calazans Duarte and Jose Meireles, linked to the National Liberation Movement of Angola (MLNA), was filed in October 1959.
The sentences passed ranked from four to ten years in jail, including deportation to Tarrafal Camp (Cabo Verde).
These events were relevant in awakening the Angolan national consciousness for the liberation struggle that eventually led to the proclamation of the national independence on 11 November 1975.
The “Processo dos 50” is the name given to the set of three lawsuits involving Angolan nationalists, and due to the fact that nationalist Joaquim Pinto de Andrade sent to his brother than living abroad, Mario Pinto de Andrade, a leaflet denouncing the arrest of 50 Angolan nationalists.
The international denounce of the arrests made the world aware of what was going on in Angola, thus foiling the true plans of the Portuguese political police (PIDE) of covering up the events and thus keep the image of the Salazar’s regime unturned.
The knowledge of the arrest of the 50 nationalists rose awareness among several people linked to the liberation movement, prevented the arrest of many others who joined the liberation struggle that started on 4 February 1961, when a handful of Angolan patriots attacked the prisons to free jailed nationalists.
Source: All Affrica