Plan of Action of the International Conference for the Great Lakes Region on the Eradication of Statelessness: 2017-2024

1. Context

Globally, several million people, including a significant number of individuals in the Great Lakes region, are stateless or at risk of statelessness. The latter cannot fully enjoy all fundamental rights. Among the root causes of this situation in the Great Lakes region are, among other things, the shortcomings in nationality laws and policies that leave some people without the recognition of a nationality by any state. Although there is no regional legal framework to remedy these shortcomings, efforts have been made by the member states of the International Conference for the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) to resolve this problem through, for example,

In addition, the Heads of State and Government adopted on November 24, 2004 the Declaration on Peace, Security, Democracy and Development (known as the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration) and signed in June 2006 (modified in 2012 ) the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union. These two instruments address certain aspects of statelessness, in this case paragraph 68 of the Dar Es Salaam Declaration in which the States undertake to “adopt a common regional approach with a view to ratification and implementation implementation of the UN Statelessness Conventions, harmonize national laws and standards relating thereto and provide refugees and displaced persons with identity documents which allow them to have access to basic services and to enjoy their rights . The Declaration on Peace and Security, Democracy and Development crowned by the entry into force of the Stability and Development Pact in June 2008 is a historic instrument and an important step in the fight against statelessness in the region of the Great Lakes. The Declaration was adopted at the Summit of Heads of State and Government in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania from November 19 to 20, 2004, under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union. Democracy and Development crowned by the entry into force of the Stability and Development Pact in June 2008 is a historic instrument and an important step in the fight against statelessness in the Great Lakes region. The Declaration was adopted at the Summit of Heads of State and Government in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania from November 19 to 20, 2004, under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union. Democracy and Development crowned by the entry into force of the Stability and Development Pact in June 2008 is a historic instrument and an important step in the fight against statelessness in the Great Lakes region. The Declaration was adopted at the Summit of Heads of State and Government in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania from November 19 to 20, 2004, under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union.

Perfectly following the spirit of the Dar Es Salam Declaration, the Regional Action Program on Humanitarian and Social Questions “Framework for Sustainable Solutions to Humanitarian, Social and Environmental Questions in the Great Lakes Region” of August 2006 of the ICGLR translates into action the commitment of Heads of State and Government in the fields of the protection of human rights and human security. This Action Plan sets out the support measures that the ICGLR and the UNHCR can provide to the Member States, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 68 of the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration and point 4.1.1 of the Regional Action Program on Humanitarian and Social Questions on the respect of international and regional instruments on human rights, international humanitarian law, the issuance of identity documents to internally displaced persons and to refugees and stateless persons. It includes measures that the ICGLR will adopt to follow up on requests made by member states and mechanisms for monitoring the implementation of each member country at the national level. This action plan is adopted under these provisions.

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees