UNHCR DR Congo Factsheet – February 2020

527,038 refugees and asylum seekers in the DRC, 82% of whom are women and children.

73.7% of refugees in the DRC live in rural areas, and 25% of refugees are settled in refugee camps or sites.

905,059 is the number of Congolese refugees in Africa.

Main activities – Refugees

Protection

? UNHCR provides practical and technical support to national, provincial and local authorities, in particular the National Commission for Refugees (CNR). UNHCR trains key interlocutors on the principles of refugee protection and international law. It collaborates with national authorities on the biometric registration of refugees and facilitates the issuance of refugee identification documents by the Congolese authorities, as well as access to registration with the civil status.

? The UNHCR monitors arrivals, the protection environment (rule of law, civil character of asylum, access to justice, non-refoulement) and specific needs, in particular at borders and in refugee reception areas . The UNHCR works for the protection of children, in particular through support for the determination of the best interests (IDB), and carries out detention monitoring.

? Individual support and assistance is also provided, including advocacy and the preparation and submission of urgent resettlement cases.

? The UNHCR also facilitates access to justice, by supporting the police in refugee reception areas, mobile court hearings and the availability of legal assistance.

? Finally, the UNHCR supports access to land for agriculture and housing, in order to allow alternatives to the camps and support self-sufficiency as soon as possible.

Education

? UNHCR supports the integration of refugee children into the national education system. Due to a lack of resources, the focus is on primary education. ? As schools lack the resources to accommodate the large number of refugee children, UNHCR provides infrastructure support (rehabilitation and construction), equipment (school uniforms, office supplies, etc.), and payments for additional teaching staff and school fees if applicable.

Health

? UNHCR supports a primary health care program integrated into the national health system, to facilitate access to quality care for refugees and local populations, for example through the supply of drugs, equipment and health personnel , and capacity building.

? UNHCR supports the authorities in the preparation of local epidemic preparedness and response plans, and supports the response to epidemics in refugee reception areas.

? UNHCR, in collaboration with the authorities, promotes optimum access to reproductive health services (including antenatal and postnatal health), and HIV / AIDS programs in local health structures as co-leader of the HIV / AIDS response to displaced persons, under the UNAIDS work division.

? The UNHCR also monitors the prevention and effective treatment of acute malnutrition in collaboration with the authorities.

Food security and livelihoods

? UNHCR promotes refugee self-sufficiency through livelihoods and market-based interventions. Agricultural production is supported by ensuring access to arable land and by providing agricultural inputs such as seeds and tools.

? The UNHCR encourages vocational and vocational training to enable the independent employment of urban and rural refugees. Income generation is encouraged through the development of viable business plans as well as training in business and financial culture.

? UNHCR’s livelihood activities can also take the form of targeted monetary assistance, based on vulnerability criteria.

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees