United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo – Report of the Secretary-General (S / 2019/218)

Introduction

1. Submitted pursuant to paragraph 59 of Security Council resolution 2409 (2018) , this report reviews major developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 4 January to 8 March 2019. It describes the progress made in the fight against terrorism. fulfillment of the mandate of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) since my report of 4 January ( S / 2019/6 ); gives an overview of developments in the political situation since my previous update on 19 February on progress made with regard to the electoral process and the implementation of the political agreement of 31 December 2016 ( S / 2019 / 159); outlines the progress made in adjusting MONUSCO’s priorities, arrangements and presence, as well as in the pursuit of its overall action to protect civilians; contains information on the performance of the uniformed agents of the Mission.

II. Main developments

A. Political situation

2. The political situation was marked by activities related to the establishment of legislative bodies at the national and provincial levels, proceedings before the Constitutional Court and the Court of Appeal concerning the results of the national and provincial legislative elections, protests challenging the the outcome of the presidential election and the initiatives taken by President Felix Tshisekedi after his inauguration.

3. The extraordinary sessions of the National Assembly and most provincial assemblies opened on January 28 and 30, respectively, to validate the mandate of parliamentarians, to proceed with the election of the provisional bureaux of assemblies and to vote on the various by-laws. interiors. More than a thousand complaints against the results of the parliamentary elections were pending before the courts, while the members of the assemblies are provisionally settled. The courts are expected to rule by March 23.

4. The co-optation of 65 traditional chiefs in provincial assemblies, which took place in the midst of complaints denouncing the validity of certain candidacies, was governed by the relevant provisions of the Constitution and electoral laws. With regard to indirect elections for the selection of senators, governors and vice-governors, 1,069 candidates had registered on 13 February and had been approved by the Independent National Electoral Commission for a total of 160 candidates. positions (including 108 Senate seats, 26 governors and 26 vice-governors).

5. The Independent National Electoral Commission and the Government continued preparations for holding the delayed elections in the city of Beni (North Kivu province) and Yumbi territory (Mai-Ndombe province), except unforeseen by 31 March.

6. From the first days of his presidency, President Tshisekedi has expressed his intention to fully exercise his functions as supreme commander of the army and the police. He reaffirmed his willingness to improve the working conditions of the members of the defense and security forces and to work on issues relating to national security, which were central themes during his election campaign. In this regard, he convened the High Council of Defense at the ministerial level on 25 January. At a meeting on 1 February with the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and other senior officers, President Tshisekedi spoke at length on national security issues and urged the FARDC to fulfill their constitutional obligations. President Chief of Staff Vital Kamerhe said continuity and collegiality between the outgoing government’s security teams and his successor was needed to address the country’s security challenges.

7. From February 5 to 8, President Tshisekedi made his first official visit abroad since taking office and met with the Presidents of Angola, Kenya and the Republic of Congo, with whom he discussed issues of common interest, including strengthening of partnerships and bilateral cooperation agreements. On February 10, he attended the 32nd Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union in Addis Ababa, where he reaffirmed his commitment to work for the consolidation of peace, the rule of law and democracy in the Democratic Republic of Congo. At that summit meeting, he was appointed Second Vice-President of the Bureau of the Conference of Heads of State and Government as part of the rotating presidency of the African Union. February 26,

8. Opposition leader Martin Fayulu, who continued to protest the results of the presidential elections of 30 December 2018, claiming he is the legitimate President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, organized a political rally on 2 February at Kinshasa and called on the population to participate in peaceful protests throughout the country to demand respect for the will of the people expressed at the polls. On February 6, he filed a petition with the African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights to restore his rights and to “respect the truth of the polls”. The Democratic Republic of the Congo, however, has not ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights establishing the Court and has not yet made a declaration accepting that citizens may individually take a case to the court. Prior to the session of the Assembly of African Union Heads of State and Government, Martin Fayulu sent a letter dated 8 February, in which he asked the African Union to set up a special committee to verify the results of the presidential election and to consider the possibility of holding new elections within six months. Between 15 and 25 February, he organized political demonstrations in several cities of the country, including Butembo, Beni, Goma and Matadi, to protest the results of the presidential election. While he continued to denounce the result of the elections, disagreements arose between the members of the coalition that had supported him during the electoral process. Some members of the coalition, close to opposition leader MoA�se Katumbi, took note of the election of President Tshisekedi following a process that they considered flawed, and expressed doubts about to the method followed by Martin Fayulu. The latter, however, remains determined to uphold the “truth of the ballot box”. close to opposition leader MoA�se Katumbi, took note of the election of President Tshisekedi following a process they considered flawed, and expressed doubts about Martin’s method Fayulu. The latter, however, remains determined to uphold the “truth of the ballot box”. close to opposition leader MoA�se Katumbi, took note of the election of President Tshisekedi following a process they considered flawed, and expressed doubts about Martin’s method Fayulu. The latter, however, remains determined to uphold the “truth of the ballot box”.

9. On 17 February, in Kinshasa, former President Joseph Kabila visited President Tshisekedi. This visit took place in the context of ongoing discussions between political parties and platforms and within them for the search for a majority in the National Assembly and the formation of a new government.

10. From February 20 to 24, in Kingakati (Kinshasa province), former President Kabila summoned the members of the Common Front for Congo, an electoral platform that won an absolute majority of seats in the National Assembly. The members of the Front decided to turn this electoral platform into a political group.

11. On 22 February, in Kinshasa, the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo signed an agreement with the Belgian Embassy on the reopening of the Schengen House, the consular service of the European Union, which had been closed by the national authorities in 2018 in the face of growing tensions between the Government, Belgium and the European Union on the issue of restrictive measures taken by the Union against certain Congolese senior political and military leaders. On the same day, the State Department of the United States of America, alleging alleged involvement in major corruption related to the electoral process, imposed visa restrictions on the outgoing President of the Assembly. Minister Aubin Minaku to the President of the Constitutional Court, Benoit Lwamba Bindu, and the Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission, Corneille Nangaa, Norbert Basengezi Katintima, Vice-President of the Commission, and Marcellin Mukolo Basengezi, Advisor to the President of the Commission. On February 23, the Commission issued a communique, refuting the allegations of corruption and stating that a report on the conduct of the electoral process from 2013 to 2019 would be submitted to the National Assembly and published thereafter. The Minister of Information and Government spokesman, Lambert Mende, called on the Congolese to be unwavering in what he described as illegal and illegitimate sanctions. Martin Faylu, for his part, asked the United States Government to extend the restrictive measures to those who had orchestrated the alleged corruption operations and those who had benefited from them. A senior member of the Front, Andre-Alain Atundu, called on the Government to respond to these measures firmly and properly to preserve “the dignity of the Congolese people”.

12. During the reporting period, my Special Representative for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Head of MONUSCO, Leila Zerrougui, continued to exercise good offices with political actors and to fulfill her mandate to support the transition. following the December 30 elections.

Source: UN Security Council